Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara. A university hub with a population of about 150.000 inhabitants and over 30.000 university students from all over Italy. It's situated 44 km (27 miles) northeast of Bologna. The city has broad streets and numerous outstanding palaces dating from the Renaissance. It was the capital of the Duchy of Ferrara in the Este period, when it represented an important political, artistic and cultural center. The urban development that took place during the Renaissance, the Herculean Addition, made it the first modern capital of Europe.
For its beauty and cultural importance, in 1995 the historical core of Ferrara has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and, in 1999, the same thing was obtained for the river Po's Delta National Park. It's one of the very few Italian province capitals (with Bergamo, Grosseto and Lucca) to preserve the historic center completely surrounded by a circle of walls which is overall intact and almost unchanged over the centuries.
The economy is historically based on tourism and agricultural production, but has industrial plants such as petrochemicals and various industries.
HOW TO REACH FERRARA
Bologna International Airport
30 minutes drive from Ferrara city center
High Speed Rail
Direct connections from Venice (60 min), Florence (65 min), Rome (2 h 50 min), Naples (4 h 15 min)